Quick Answer: What Are Infinitive Verbs In French?

How do you use infinitive verbs in French?

In English, the word to always precedes the infinitive; for example, to speak and to dance are infinitives.

In French, an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or -re.

For example parler (to speak), finir (to finish), and vendre (to sell).

In French, each verb form corresponds to a different subject..

What is regular verb in French?

In French, regular verbs are grouped into three main families — ‐ er, ‐ir, and ‐ re — because these are their endings in the infinitive form. The present tense verb form expresses action: “I play,” “I do play” (do + verb), or “I am playing” (to be + verb). …

What is L Imperatif in French?

The imperative, (l’impératif in French) is used to give commands, orders, or express wishes, like ‘Stop!’ … There are three forms of the imperative: tu, nous and vous. For all verbs, the imperative is formed by taking the corresponding forms of the present indicative, but without subject pronouns.

What are conjugate verbs?

Verb conjugation refers to how a verb changes. Conjugated verbs are verbs which have been changed to communicate one or more of the following: person, number, gender, tense, aspect, mood, or voice.

What is a simple infinitive?

Infinitive definitions (grammar) A verbal noun formed from the infinitive of a verb. … The infinitive is a grammar term that refers to a basic verb form that often acts as a noun and is often preceded by the word “to.” “To sing” is an example of an infinitive.

What are the 3 types of infinitives?

An infinitive is the simplest form of a verb; in English, this corresponds to “to + verb.” There are 3 types of infinitives in Spanish: those that end in -AR, those that end in -ER, and those that end in -IR.

What are ER verbs in French?

Most Common -er VerbsFrenchEnglishdéciderto decide, to persuadearriverto arrive, to happensemblerto seemlaisserto leave, to allow, to let16 more rows

What is the infinitive sentence?

Infinitive phrases include infinitives. … Examples include, “to walk,” “to read,” or “to eat.” Infinitives can act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. As a noun, they might act as the subject of the sentence. For example, “To travel is the only thing on her mind.” As an adjective, they’ll modify a noun.

What are infinitive words?

In traditional descriptions of English, the infinitive is the basic dictionary form of a verb when used non-finitely, with or without the particle to. … Thus to go is an infinitive, as is go in a sentence like “I must go there” (but not in “I go there”, where it is a finite verb).

Where do we use infinitive?

You can also use the infinitive to show your intention, after a verb that involves saying something. Verbs such as “agree”, “promise” and “decide” can all use the infinitive form. E.g. “She agreed to share the money between them.” E.g. “He decided to change schools.”

What is the use of infinitive verb?

The most common way to use infinitive verbs is as a direct object or an indirect object. When the subject performs an action, the infinitive can answer the question “What?” as the object of that action. Examples of the above infinitives used as direct include: I want to be an astronaut.

What are the 17 etre verbs in French?

The following is a list of verbs (and their derivatives) that require être:aller > to go.arriver > to arrive.descendre > to descend / go downstairs. redescendre > to descend again.entrer > to enter. rentrer > to re-enter.monter > to climb. remonter > to climb again.mourir > to die.naître > to be born. … partir > to leave.More items…•

What is the French infinitive list?

2 – French Verb of Motions Are Usually Followed by an Infinitive (no Preposition)monter (to go upstairs),descendre (to go downstairs),rentrer (to go home/inside),aller (to go),retourner (to go back),sortir (to go outside),venir (to come)

How do you find an infinitive?

Recognize an infinitive when you find one. To sneeze, to smash, to cry, to shriek, to jump, to dunk, to read, to eat, to slurp—all of these are infinitives. Important Note: Because an infinitive is not a verb, you cannot add s, es, ed, or ing to the end. Ever! Infinitives can function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.

What is infinitive verb example?

Any verb that is preceded by the word ‘to’ is an infinitive. Here are some examples: ‘to love, to eat, to run, to believe, to follow, to laugh, to stare, to wonder.

Why is it called infinitive?

English infinitives are preceded by the word ‘to’. These verbs are called infinitives because, like the concept of infinity, they are not bound by time. From the infinitive, we derive the conjugated forms of the verb, also known as the finite forms of the verb.

What are the most common French verbs?

Check out the 10 most common verbs and start using them in your French!Être (to be) Behold: the undisputed most common verb in the French language. … Avoir (to have) … Aller (to go) … Pouvoir (to be able to) … Vouloir (to want) … Faire (to do) … Parler (to speak) … Demander (to ask)More items…

How many types of French verbs are there?

threeTypes of verb in French There are three main categories of French regular verbs, regular verbs with an infinitive ending in -er, such as manger, regular verbs with an infinitive in -ir, such as finir, regular verbs with an infinitive in -re, such as vendre.

What is the infinitive of a verb?

The infinitive is the base form of a verb. In English, when we talk about the infinitive we are usually referring to the present infinitive, which is the most common. … The present infinitive has two forms: the to-infinitive = to + base.

What does conjugation mean in French?

French conjugation are the various forms of French verbs which take different endings (inflections) depending on the person (I, you, we, etc), tense (present, future, etc) and mood (indicative, imperative and subjunctive). … 3rd group: verbs ending in -re (with the exception of irregular verbs).