Question: Did Everyone Benefit From The British Empire?

What were the positive effects of the British Empire?

The British themselves also benefited from running the empires.

The colonies provided cheap raw materials for their industries.

The vast agricultural land that was to be found in these colonies was very useful for the growing of industrial raw materials such as cotton, coffee and tea..

What was a benefit of British rule?

The British view tended to portray British rule as a charitable exercise – they suffered India’s environment (eg climate, diseases) in order to bring to India good government and economic development (eg railways, irrigation, medicine). Modern admirers of British rule also note these benefits.

Why was the British empire so powerful?

Why was Britain/UK/England so powerful? Sea power, merchants, and luck. … The more money came into Britain, the more money they could put into their navy, which then could protect the trade lanes, allowing more trade, which meant more money.

Who is richer Germany or UK?

Right now, Germany is by far the biggest, with a GDP of $3.6 trillion. France stands at $2.7 trillion, the UK at $2.2 trillion, Italy at $2.1 trillion. If you count Russia as part of Europe, it slots into the table between us and the Italians. But over time, those positions have moved around.

Why did Britain give up India?

One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus.

How much did the British steal from India?

Drawing on nearly two centuries of detailed data on tax and trade, Patnaik calculated that Britain drained a total of nearly $45 trillion from India during the period 1765 to 1938. It’s a staggering sum.

Was the British Empire successful?

At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. By 1913, the British Empire held sway over 412 million people, 23% of the world population at the time, and by 1920, it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi), 24% of the Earth’s total land area.

What good came from the British Empire?

And thanks to the British Empire, people across the entire world have been united by their love of the same sport. Six of the world’s 10 most popular sports—soccer, cricket, tennis, hockey, golf, and table tennis—were invented by the British and consequently spread throughout the Commonwealth by the Empire.

What were the negative effects of the British Empire?

On the downside, people living in countries taken into the Empire often lost lands and suffered discrimination and prejudice. Countries in the Empire were also exploited for their raw materials. Slavery was another negative because despite the enormous profits made, the suffering of the slaves was terrible.

What would happen if the British Empire was reunited today?

If the British Empire was reunited she would be Queen in 64. A new empire would be 146 times larger than the UK in 2017 and have 40 times the population with 2.643 billion residents – 37 per cent of the world’s people. … Today the British Empire would have the largest military in the world.

Why does the British Empire matter?

Britain today is a nation of many cultures, and many of these connections have their roots in the British Empire. At its height, Britain ruled over a quarter of the world’s population, from the wilderness of the Arctic, to the sands of Arabia, and the islands of the Caribbean.

What were the disadvantages of the British Empire?

DisadvantagesCulture – British culture was forced on to the colonists, while the original culture was banned, ignored and forgotten.Economies – The colonies’ economy was falling because most of the profit of goods go back to Britain.Soldiers – The colonies had to provide soldiers who fought and died for Britain.More items…•

How many Indians did the British kill?

29 million IndiansIf you point out basic facts about the British Empire – that the British deliberately adopted policies that caused as many as 29 million Indians to starve to death in the late 19th century, say – you smack into a wall of incomprehension and rage.

What was the biggest empire ever?

The Mongol EmpireThe Mongol Empire existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and it is recognized as being the largest contiguous land empire in history.

What countries are still under British rule?

Current territoriesAnguilla.Bermuda.British Antarctic Territory.British Indian Ocean Territory.British Virgin Islands.Cayman Islands.Falkland Islands.Gibraltar.More items…

How many people did the British Empire kill?

1 million peopleSo, in total, over 290 years, Britain (and the Empire) probably ‘killed’ about 1 million people.

What did the British Empire do for us?

We developed every factory, mine, sea-port, airport, water system. We built huge hydro-electric dams and power stations such as Kariba, created nationwide electricity grids and telephone networks. We provided law and order, justice and security, and good governance.

What were the effects of British rule in America?

Cause: The British government treated the American colonists harshly. Effect: Many American colonists feared a powerful government. Cause: Many former colonists feared losing their freedom to a new government. Effect: The new Americans made sure their new government could not take away states’ freedom and independence.